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Canadian media often cite excessive fishing by overseas fleets, primarily because of______

Canadian media often cite excessive fishing by overseas fleets, primarily because of ______.

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更多“Canadian media often cite excessive fishing by overseas fleets, primarily because of______”相关的问题

第1题

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)Directions: In this part, you will hav

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Cod in Trouble

A. In 1992, the devastating collapse of the cod stocks off the east coast of Newfoundland forced the Canadian government to take drastic measures and close the fishery. Over 40,000 people lost their jobs, communities are still struggling to recover and the marine ecosystem is still in a state of collapse. The disintegration of this vital fishery sounded a warning bell to governments around the world who were shocked that a relatively-sophisticated, scientifically-based fisheries management program, not unlike their own, could have gone so wrong. The Canadian government ignored warnings that their fleets were employing destructive fishing practices and refused to significantly reduce quotas citing the loss of jobs as too great a concern.

B. In the 1950s Canadian and US east coast waters provided an annual 100,000 tons in cod catches rising to 800,000 by 1970. This over fishing led to a catch of only 300,000 tons by 1975. Canada and the US reacted by passing legislation to extend their national jurisdictions over marine-living resources out to 200 nautical miles and catches naturally declined to 139,000 tons in 1980. However the Canadian fishing industry took over and restarted the over fishing and catches rose again until, from 1985, it was the Canadians who were landing more than 250,000 tons of northern cod annually. This exploitation ravaged the stocks and by 1990 the catch was so low (29,000 tons) that in 1992 (121/2000 tons) Canada had to ban all fishing in east coast waters. In a fishery that had for over a century yielded a quarter-million ton catches, there remained a biomass of less than 1700 tons and the Fisheries Department also predicted that, even with an immediate recovery, stocks need at least 15 years before they would be healthy enough to withstand previous levels of fishing.

C. The devastating fishing came from massive investment poured into constructing huge "draggers". Draggers haul enormous nets held open by a combination of huge steel plates and heavy chains and rollers that plough the ocean bottom. They drag up anything in the way, inflicting immense damage, destroying critical habitat and contributing to the destabilization of the northern cod ecosystem. The draggers targeted huge aggregations of cod while they were spawning, a time when the fish population is highly vulnerable to capture. Excessive trawling on spawning stocks became highly disruptive to the spawning process, and ecosystem. In addition, the trawling activity resulted in a physical dispersion of eggs leading to a higher fertilization failure. Physical and chemical damage to larvae caused by the trawling action also reduced their chances of survival. These draggers are now banned forever from Canadian waters.

D. Canadian media often cite excessive fishing by overseas fleets, primarily driven by the Capitalist ethic, as the primary cause of the fishing out of the north Atlantic cod stocks. Many nations took fish off the coast of Newfoundland and all used deep-sea trawlers, and many often blatantly exceeded established catch quotas and treaty agreements. There can be little doubt that non-North-American-fishing was a contributing factor in the cod stock collapse, and that the capitalist dynamics that were at work in Canada were all too similar for the foreign vessels and companies. But

A.The mass unemployment.

B.The collapse of marine ecosystem.

C.The cod collapse.

D.The fleets' destructive fishing practices.

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第2题

Who does the writer blame for the collapse of the Newfoundland cod fishery?A.The US fishin

Who does the writer blame for the collapse of the Newfoundland cod fishery?

A.The US fishing industry.

B.The Canadian government.

C.The foreign fishing industry.

D.The Canadian fishing industry.

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第3题

Who does the writer blame for the collapse of the Newfoundland cod fishery?A.The US fishin

Who does the writer blame for the collapse of the Newfoundland cod fishery?

A.The US fishing industry.

B.The Canadian government.

C.The foreign fishing industry.

D.The Canadian fishing industry.

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第4题

The media has often criticized the Internet because it is dangerous.A.YB.NC.NG

The media has often criticized the Internet because it is dangerous.

A.Y

B.N

C.NG

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第5题

Physically, people in culture shock are often ___________________.

A、excessive in washing hands.

B、excessive in eating.

C、inclined to suffering from illness.

D、inclined to suffering from insomnia

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第6题

There is a beautiful river, so we often go______.

A.fishing

B.fish

C.play

D.played

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第7题

Which of the following is true about chimps fishing for termites according to paragraph 6?

A.Males often compete with females in fishing for termites.

B.Males could get out more termites with every dip.

C.Females could get out more termites with every dip.

D.Males are good at mastering technique for fishing for termites.

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第8题

What does the woman imply?A.The world is very competitive and often unfair.B.There are ove

What does the woman imply?

A.The world is very competitive and often unfair.

B.There are over 300 jobs for you to apply for.

C.People are very kind to dogs and give them a lot to eat.

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第9题

For one reason or another, people’s exposure to the media is often ________.

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第10题

"Underprivileged people" is often used by the mass media as a substitute for "poor people"
. Linguistimlly, the former is referred to as a(n) ______.

A.linguistic taboo

B.slangy expression

C.high-sounding expression

D.euphemism

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