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According to Weis in the 5th paragraph, the theory of evolution ______.A.is fundamental to

According to Weis in the 5th paragraph, the theory of evolution ______.

A.is fundamental to the development of modem genetics, molecular biology and geonomics

B.is a political issue

C.is based on genetics, molecular biology and geonomics

D.has increased our understanding of human health

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第1题

According to Weis in the 5th paragraph, the theory of evolution______.A.is fundamental to

According to Weis in the 5th paragraph, the theory of evolution______.

A.is fundamental to the development of modern genetics, molecular biology and geonomics

B.is a political issue

C.is based on genetics, molecular biology and geonomics

D.has increased our understanding of human health

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第2题

Defending the Theory of Evolution Still Seems NeededJudith S. Weis, a biology professor wh

Defending the Theory of Evolution Still Seems Needed

Judith S. Weis, a biology professor who serves as president of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) is leading a nationwide effort to "defend" the theory of evolution. Weis leads the effort in the face of what the institute views as opposition and indifference from school boards and government entities.

The Institute believes that the teaching of evolution in America is being diminished by the teaching of creationism as well as by an overall lack of teaching Darwin's theory in high school. "There's nothing that requires schools to teach evolution. Sometimes teachers in high schools just leave it out. However from the point of view of biologists, evolution is the central theory of biology upon which everything is based," said Weis. "Unfortunately, teaching evolution has become a political issue in many parts of the country and AIBS, as a representative of biologists, wanted to be a major force speaking out in favor of its teaching. "

Weis said the institute is working together with the American Geological Institute and the National Association of Biology Teachers and its 80-plus member organizations to address" the political and legislative threats to teaching evolution. In states challenging its teaching, the institute responds by sending letters to school boards and state legislatures, by providing testimony at public meetings and by notifying members and affiliated organizations. AIBS, with more than 80 member societies and 250,000 members, has established an email system enabling scientists and teachers in each state, and member societies, to keep each other informed about threats to the teaching of evolution.

Darwin's theory of evolution holds that living things change and adapt to their environment and that present-day species (including human beings) are descended from earlier species through modification by natural selection. The theory has been accepted by scientists for nearly 100 years, Weis said, and has been refined, extended and strengthened over the years by findings in paleontology and developmental biology. Discoveries in genetics, molecular biology and genomics—all of which provide significant benefits for human health—would not be possible without the underlying knowledge of evolution. And, Weis adds, "modem molecular biology and genomics have increased our understanding of how evolution works." Nonetheless, evolution remains a politically, if not scientifically, controversial issue.

Weis said that this year alone, seven states have had either local or statewide efforts to water down the teaching of evolution, or "balance" it with the teaching of creationism—a religious belief that different species were created separately by a higher power, such as God. "Rarely does anyone now use the word ' creationism, ' because that's too obvious," Weis said. "The current terminology is ' intelligent design. ' "

According to the first paragraph, which of the following statements about the theory or evolution is true?

A.Government entities support AIBS's effort to defend the theory of evolution.

B.School boards oppose AIBS's effort to defend the theory of evolution.

C.AIBS and school boards advocate the teaching of the theory of evolution.

D.The theory of evolution and that of creationism co-exist peacefully in schools.

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第3题

According to the last paragraph, the author may suggest that______.A.either of the two par

According to the last paragraph, the author may suggest that______.

A.either of the two partial theories may be correct

B.the new theory has been established to replace the two partial theories

C.the new theory may develop from either of the two partial theories

D.the new theory may combine many of the properties of the two partial theories

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第4题

According to Paragraph 1, we can infer that______.A.the mass tend to be more depressed thi

According to Paragraph 1, we can infer that______.

A.the mass tend to be more depressed this year

B.the third Monday of the month is our most depressing day of the year

C.Arnall"s theory has won widespread favor in the public

D.Arnall"s theory inspires the author to propose his own theory

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第5题

According to paragraph 1, what is one objection to the theory of elephant intelligence?A.I

According to paragraph 1, what is one objection to the theory of elephant intelligence?

A.It ignores evidence that elephants act on instinct.

B.It is biased by researchers' desire for more funding.

C.It makes assertions that can never be proven.

D.It is too often based on unverifiable stories.

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第6题

"Defied" in the 5th paragraph probably means "______"A.supportedB.gave proof toC.challenge

"Defied" in the 5th paragraph probably means "______"

A.supported

B.gave proof to

C.challenged

D.agreed to

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第7题

The word "contingencies" in the 5th paragraph means ______.A.uncertaintiesB.dependent cond

The word "contingencies" in the 5th paragraph means ______.

A.uncertainties

B.dependent conditions

C.incidental thoughts

D.events that may occur

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第8题

The word "tackier" in the 5th paragraph is closest in meaning to______.A.more crowdedB.sha

The word "tackier" in the 5th paragraph is closest in meaning to______.

A.more crowded

B.shabbier

C.more expensive

D.more in style

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第9题

According to Paragraph 2, Joseph and Julie want to______.A.prove Darwin"s untested theoryB

According to Paragraph 2, Joseph and Julie want to______.

A.prove Darwin"s untested theory

B.challenge Darwin"s authority

C.make a name for themselves

D.explore the biological world

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第10题

“Defied”in the 5th paragraph probablymeans________.A.doubtedB.gave proof toC.challengedD.a

“Defied”in the 5th paragraph probablymeans________.

A.doubted

B.gave proof to

C.challenged

D.agreed to

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